Alabama Forward: Will more taxes help or hurt?
Published 2:09 pm Wednesday, April 30, 2003
(Editor's Note: This is the fourth story in a series addressing Alabama's fiscal crisis and how government officials are tightening the state's financial belt through massive and immediate agency cuts. The series also details efforts to rewrite the state's 1901 Constitution and how officials hope to offset a $500 million shortfall in revenues.)
BNI News Service
When Bob Riley was elected the state's third Republican governor since Reconstruction, he declared this to be a "new day" in Alabama.
News that the Republican is considering a tax increase of nearly $1 billion offers credence to Riley's contention. Quentin Riggins, Riley's legislative affairs director, said last week Riley will consider a proposal to raise property taxes and eliminate the deduction of federal income tax from an individual's taxable income.
While some close to Montgomery politics claim Riley purposefully floated a trial balloon to weigh public reaction to Riggins' comments, the governor's deputy press secretary said Riggins' comments were "an accident."
In January, Riley estimated the state would be short nearly $500 million in revenue. Last week, he indicated that shortfall could be as much as $700 million.
Death Before Taxes
Alabama has a reputation of being one of the least-taxed states in the union -- and for good reason.
According to one study released by the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy, Alabama's
ranked as one of the 10 most regressive tax systems in America.
Analysts dub a "regressive" tax system as one that puts an undue burden of state revenue on the people least able to pay those taxes. And Alabama's ranking appears credible.
The poorest 20 percent of Alabamians pay 11.6 percent of their income in state taxes. Middle income Alabamians pay 9.1 percent. And the wealthiest 1 percent of Alabamians pay only 4.8 percent of their income in state taxes.
Gary Palmer, president of the Alabama Policy Institute - a conservative political think-tank in Birmingham - has never advocated increasing taxes in this state. However, even groups like Palmer's understand it may be time to take a look at how Alabama generates revenue.
While some have claimed Alabama's tax system as "immoral," Palmer said that isn't a proper adjective to use.
In what could be considered a methodical approach to winning public approval for a tax increase, Riley has worked tirelessly to eliminate any contention that state government wastes money.
He has stopped Department of Transportation projects; downgraded the fleet of cars state employees drive, even taking away some of those cars; and cut his own pay and the number of employees working in his office.
Through all the expense cuts, which some estimate will reach $200 million, Alabama is far from saving enough money to offset a horrendous fiscal crisis.
K.T. Cole, a vice president for A.G. Edwards &Sons in Troy, has known Riley for more than 20 years. "We've been friends since before he ever thought about being governor," Cole said.
Like so many Alabamians, Cole knows this state has to find a way to generate new revenue.
One of the biggest opponents to raising property taxes - apparently one of Riley's ideas - is the timber industry.
Bucky Henson, vice president of Buchanan Timber in Selma, is one of those people who strongly oppose a tax increase. He said a hike in property taxes would devastate his business.
But even Henson understands the financial predicament of Alabama, saying he knows the state also faces the burden of trying to meet the projected budget shortfall.
Fran Robertson, a Realtor in Pelham, knows a property tax increase would hurt her business. At the same time, she said the cost may be worth the pain.
Bryon Holloway moved from Kentucky to Alabaster in Shelby County, and he thinks Alabamians should lose their anti-tax stigma.
If there's one group of state professionals that adamantly supports an increase in funding it's the educational sector. Ronnie Driver, superintendent of the Covington County School System, said he couldn't comment on Riley's plan to raise taxes because "I am not familiar with any taxes Gov. Riley is proposing."
Even still, Driver knows the burden schools face today, and there's only one way to ease the strain on education.
If Alabama were to raise taxes, it could lose one of the biggest drawing cards the state has for recruiting industry, said Obie Littleton, a former state senator and Clanton's community economic director.
But there's another side to industries and a tax increase, he said.
Littleton said. "What we forget is that industries also look at the local education system when making their decisions, so if the tax benefits the education system and we can improve in that area, I believe it would off-set any problems generated by added taxes."
According to Bryars, Riley's deputy press secretary, there is no deadline for when Riley will consider asking the voters in Alabama to increase taxes.
At the same time, Bryars did say Riley would be a governor who takes full responsibility for asking citizens to pay more in taxes.
K.T. Cole said Riley will prove he is more concerned about the state than his political future if he proposes a tax increase in Alabama.