Border security increases

Published 10:36 pm Monday, June 18, 2007

By Staff
In an effort to strengthen border security, new travel requirements for United States citizens returning from any part of the Western Hemisphere went into effect earlier this year.
The new travel requirement, the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI), was mandated by Congress in the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to strengthen border security and facilitate entry into the United States for citizens and legitimate international visitors.
WHTI is being implemented in two phases. The first, which went into effect in January of this year, requires all U.S. citizens, including children, traveling by air between the United States and Canada, Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Bermuda to present a valid passport, Air NEXUS card, or U.S. Coast Guard Merchant Mariner Document, or an Alien Registration Card, Form I-551, if applicable, in order to return to the United States.
The second phase, which is expected to be implemented as early as January 1, 2008, requires ALL persons, including U.S. citizens, traveling between the U.S. and Canada, Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Bermuda by land or sea (including ferries), to present a valid passport or other documents as determined by the Department of Homeland Security.
The Departments of Homeland Security and State recommend that U.S. citizens carry and present government-issued identification when traveling. Although it is not currently required that U.S. citizens present a passport, those arriving by land and sea must still establish, to the satisfaction of the inspecting officer, that they are U.S. citizens.
The passport requirement does NOT apply to U.S. citizens traveling to or returning directly from a U.S. territory. U.S. citizens returning directly from a U.S. territory are not considered to have left the United States.
U.S. territories include the following: Guam, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Swains Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
The WHTI caught many travelers by surprise. As a result of all the confusion surrounding these new requirements and the longer than expected processing times for passport applications, I, along with other members of Congress, asked the White House for some relief.
In response to the concerns we raised, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced a change in the implementation of the WHTI earlier this month.
Now, U.S. citizens traveling to Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Bermuda - who have applied for but not yet received passports - can temporarily enter and depart from the United States by air with a government issued photo identification and Department of State official proof of application for a passport through Sept. 30, 2007.
Complete information on how to apply for a passport is available at the Consular Affairs website,
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